Customary Territories, Community Traditions, Nature Conservation
Indonesia is one of the world’s biologically megadiverse countries that consists of around 17,000 islands, with the total combined area of the islands at 1,904,569 km 2. Indonesia has a number of Indigenous peoples’ and community conserved territories and areas (ICCAs) 1 types across the country with diffrent cultural and environmental value that can be found in lakes and rivers, peatland, forests and coastal areas.
Though the terminology “ICCA” is relatively new, indigenous communities in Indonesia have been practiing conservatin of natural resources for centuries. The Ammatoa Kajang of Bulukumba, South Sulawesi have been protecting Borong karamaka or sacred forests for generatinos. The Haruku people of Maluku practie Sasi or “customary prohibition”, especially in monitoring the growth and movements of the lompa fih to allow a bountiul harvest, but also to allow replenishment for succeeding generations. Finally, the Dayak Kenyah of Malinau, North Kalimantan reserve part of the forest and river watersheds as Tana Ulen. These areas are strictly monitored by a special committee and transgressors pay fines.
This compilation is stil a work in progress. It represents the initil release of a collectin of case studies and experiences of ICCAs in Indonesia.
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